In Slovenia, we have been paying special attention to electromagnetic radiation for several years. Since limit values for electromagnetic radiation were not determined in the past, people were afraid that they were excessively exposed to it. In December 1996, the Decree on electromagnetic radiation in the natural and living environment entered into force (Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia, No. 70/96) (hereinafter: the Decree). Furthermore, the Rules on the first measurements and operational monitoring of electromagnetic radiation sources and the conditions for its implementation have been adopted (Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia, No. 70/96, 41/04 – ZVO-1 and 17/11 – ZTZPUS-1) (hereinafter: the Rules). With the mentioned documents, Slovenia obtained two regulations, which are among the strictest in terms of protection against electromagnetic radiation from electric devices and the control over it - not only in the European but also in the global context - as they require some of the lowest electromagnetic radiation limit values in the European Union, while the electromagnetic radiation limit values for new sources are ten times lower than those recommended by the European Union.
The website on electric and magnetic fields and health presents different levels of electric and magnetic fields, obligatory limit values in some countries, and recommended values and conditions under which they are measured.
In addition, electromagnetic radiation is presented in detail in the brochure Electromagnetic radiation , published by the Milan Vidmar Electric Power Research Institute – EIMV as well as on the website of the Institute for the non-ionising radiation – INIS.
Observance of the principle of reasonable prevention
Several international studies and research projects on the biological influences of low-frequency electromagnetic fields on people have not provided reliable results that would confirm a health risk. Furthermore, a connection between exposure to electromagnetic radiation and certain serious diseases has not been clearly proven. Recently, Electra magazine published the point of view of the CIGRE association regarding this question.
Regardless of these findings, we at the ELES company implement all the principles of the reasonable prevention and perform adequate measurements at our facilities, Since the employees of the ELES company are an exposed work group, we strive to reduce exposure to the environmental influences of electromagnetic radiation to the lowest possible level everywhere in the premises.
Implementation of the operational monitoring for electromagnetic radiation (OM EMS)
Protection against excessive impacts of electromagnetic radiation on the environment is defined by the Decree and the Rules. Control over the burdening of the environment with electromagnetic radiation caused by the operation of transmission lines or over operational monitoring is the country’s responsibility. It is performed on the country’s behalf by the Slovenian Environment Agency (ARSO).
The operator of radiation sources is responsible for ensuring operational monitoring, but its execution can be performed by qualified organisations. These have to use accredited test methods according to the SIST EN ISO/IEC 17025 standard, which reflects the credibility of the measurements and is at the same time a prerequisite for issuing the authorisation for performing operational monitoring. The list of authorised persons and control over their work is operated by ARSO, which publishes the data on operational monitoring on its website.